adjective: a word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something
attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from
something else.

*any and all adjectives in spanish FOLLOW the noun in which they are describing *

a.) Gender of Adjectives
1. Adjectives ending in -o form feminine by changing -o to -a.
Most adjctives ending in a consonant form the feminine by adding -a.
bonito → bonita
alto → alta
inglés → inglesa
2. Many adjectives have the same form for both the masculine and the feminine

b.)Plural Of Adjectives
1. Add -s when singular form ends in a vowel. (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u)
alto → altos
italiana → italianas
2. Add -es when singular form ends in a consonant. (letters other than vowels)
español → españoles

Adjectives in the singular form ending in -z change to a c in the plural form.
Some adjectives add/drop accents.
joven → jóvenes

c.) Agreement of Adjectives
1. Adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.
Beth is tall. → Beth es alta.
(Since Beth is only one person, the adjective describing her is singular. She is also a girl, therefore the adjective
becomes feminine by changing the -o to -a.)

Los niños son traviesos. → The children are mischievious.
(Due to the fact that there are several children, the adjective following the noun is plural.)
2. An adjective modifying two or more nouns of a different gender is masculine plural.
La casa y el garaje son blancos. → The house and garage are white.
(Because two nouns are present, and even though one is feminine, the adjective describing the two is masculine and

Correct the sentence.
1. Alfredo es perezosas.
2. La chica fue justo.
3. Xavier y Sonia son engañosa.

Write the plural forms for each.
Español →
Popular →

Choose the agreeing adjective.
1. Maria es → a. bonito b. bonita
2. El libro es → a. pequeña b. pequeño
3. Héctor y Luisa son → a. amigos b. amigas

Complete the chart.

Singular Masculine
Singular Feminine
Plural Masculine
Plural Feminine