Adjectives
adjective: a word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something
attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from
something else.


*any and all adjectives in spanish FOLLOW the noun in which they are describing *

a.) Gender of Adjectives
1. Adjectives ending in -o form feminine by changing -o to -a.
Most adjctives ending in a consonant form the feminine by adding -a.
bonito → bonita
alto → alta
inglés → inglesa
2. Many adjectives have the same form for both the masculine and the feminine
difícil
amable
garnde

b.)Plural Of Adjectives
1. Add -s when singular form ends in a vowel. (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u)
alto → altos
italiana → italianas
2. Add -es when singular form ends in a consonant. (letters other than vowels)
español → españoles

NOTE
Adjectives in the singular form ending in -z change to a c in the plural form.
Some adjectives add/drop accents.
joven → jóvenes

c.) Agreement of Adjectives
1. Adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.
Beth is tall. → Beth es alta.
(Since Beth is only one person, the adjective describing her is singular. She is also a girl, therefore the adjective
becomes feminine by changing the -o to -a.)

Los niños son traviesos. → The children are mischievious.
(Due to the fact that there are several children, the adjective following the noun is plural.)
2. An adjective modifying two or more nouns of a different gender is masculine plural.
La casa y el garaje son blancos. → The house and garage are white.
(Because two nouns are present, and even though one is feminine, the adjective describing the two is masculine and
plural.)


Practice:
Correct the sentence.
1. Alfredo es perezosas.
2. La chica fue justo.
3. Xavier y Sonia son engañosa.

Write the plural forms for each.
Español →
Popular →
Hablador→

Choose the agreeing adjective.
1. Maria es → a. bonito b. bonita
2. El libro es → a. pequeña b. pequeño
3. Héctor y Luisa son → a. amigos b. amigas

Complete the chart.

Noun
Singular Masculine
Singular Feminine
Plural Masculine
Plural Feminine
espeso




deseable




feliz




deportista