Objetos indirectos
(Spanish Indirect Objects)


Indirect objects are the people or things in a sentence to whom/what or the action of the verb occurs.

I'm talking to José. - Hablo a José.
To whom am I talking? José.

He gives books to the students - Da unos libros a los estudiantes.
To whom does he give books? - The students.

Indirect object pronouns are the words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a person.

The Spanish indirect object pronouns are as follows:



1st person
me
me

nos
us
2nd person
te
you

os
you
3rd person
Le
him, her, you, it

les
them, you

Like direct object pronouns, Spanish indirect object pronouns are placed in front of the verb.

I'm talking to him. - Le hablo.
He writes to them - Les escribe.
I'm giving the bread to you. - Te doy el pan.
She answered me - Ella me contestó.

For infinitives, present participles, and affirmative commands, pronouns can get attached to the end.

Le voy a decir OR Voy a decirle - I'm going to tell him.
Les quiero traer el regalo OR Quiero traerles el regalo - I want to bring the gift to them.


Note
: When deciding between direct and indirect objects, the general rule is that if the person or thing is preceded by a preposition (with the exception of the personal a) that person/thing is an indirect object. If it is not preceded by a preposition, it is a direct object.



Examen sobre Objetos indirectos
(Exam Regarding Spanish Indirect Objects)


1. Llamo a Maria.

2.
Escribimos a nuestros padres.

3.
¿Visitas a Pablo?

4.
Dijo la verdad a nosotros.

5.
Lupe va a traer las bebidas a Uds.

6.
He's reading to me.

7.
They're talking to you (vosotros).

8.
Are you (tú) offering me your book?

9.
I'm giving something to them.

10.
They're sending (to send = mandar) the book to me.


Answers + Translations


1. Le llamo.
I'm calling Maria (her)

2. Les escribimos.

We're writing to our parents (them).

3. ¿Le visitas?
Are you visiting Pablo (him)?


4. Nos dijo la verdad.
He told us the truth.

5. Lupe les va a traer las bebidas OR Lupe va a traerles las bebidas.

Lupe is going to bring the drinks to you.

6. Me lee.

7. Os hablan.

8. ¿Me ofreces tu libro?

9. Les doy algo.

10. Ellos me mandan el libro.